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Basic Components of Skincare

Updated: Aug 12




Ok, so let's talk for a minute about the components of skin, and the basics of skin properties.Subscribe at the top to get notified of new posts. This post contains Affiliate links. (This means I earn a short commission to no extra cost for you. I share their brands and discounts on my blog.)

The skin is formed by three major components. The hypodermis which is subcutaneous or in other words lies beneath the skin; basically it is fat that functions as lining and padding for the body. Then we find the Dermis, which gives structure and support. Next we have the protective shield that is called the epidermis. The epidermis renews itself completely every 28 days.

These three major components work as a team and are what keep the skin healthy. If the function of these components is altered, it can cause damages in the skin. But what can really alter your skin's health it’s the integrity of the moisture barrier, if altered the skin will become vulnerable to dryness, itching, redness, and stinging or other skin-related symptoms.

The moisture barrier of the skin protects against invading microorganisms, chemical irritants, and allergens.

The top layer of the epidermis formed of 25 to 30 layers of Keratinocytes, in between them there is a mix of Fatty Acids, Lipids, and ceramides that act as a cement and brick wall. Which forms a waterproof moisture barrier that minimizes water loss and helps keep moisture in the skin.

In the very outer layers of the skin, the moisture barrier has a slightly acidic pH it is 4.5 to 6.5. The acidity is due to a combination of secretions from the sebaceous and sweat glands. The acidity helps maintain the hardness of keratin proteins, keeping them tightly together. If the skin's surface is alkaline, the keratin fibers loosen and soften, losing their protective properties. The pH of the skin can become alkaline, a common side effect caused by the use of common (soaps that are not for face use specifically) soaps. Understanding the needs and functions of the skin helps us take better care of our skin.

Some Essential Components for your skin in order to stay hydrated, nourished, and healthy.

Collagen- It is the main structural protein, of various connective tissues, 25% to 35% of whole-body protein content. It provides firmness and elasticity. Collagen makes up 75% of our skin. (Sunscreen helps maintain collagen but too much might prevent Vitamin D to help divide and differentiation of cells that keeps skin healthy.)

Elastin- A protein that provides the skin with the ability, to return to its original shape after stretching. It provides elasticity to the skin.

Zinc-It is found in all cells in the body it is an essential part, which is needed and helps the immunity system to work properly. It helps the skin to scar and repair itself naturally, protects against UV radiation, and has anti-inflammatory effects.

Water-All the cells in the body require water, which allows them to renew themselves.

Vitamin C-Essential component in the body’s production of collagen, that is also a potent antioxidant that can help rejuvenate skin.

Vitamin A-Also known as retinoid promotes cell turnover and is effectively preventing the formation of comedones that cause acne.


Vitamin D-Contributes to absorption of calcium and phosphorus; Helps the immune system and the division and differentiation of cells that maintain the skin healthy.

Vitamin E-It is a lipid-soluble antioxidant that easily penetrates the vital membranes of the skin cells and protects against lipid peroxidation. Provides defense against free radicals, works with vitamin C to protect the skin. Enhances penetration of skin lipids. Gives UV protection that helps prevent dark spots. Excellent moisturizer.

Vitamin B-Skin lightened agent when added to moisturizers. It helps retain moisture in the skin. Reduce the effects of aging. B5 helps to minimize acne. Counteracts damage of free radicals. B 12 regulates skin pigmentation. B3 improves the severity of skin conditions.

Keratin- Really important, the third layer of the skin called stratum granulosum is composed of 3 to 5 layers of keratin a protein that gives skin its protective properties.

Oxygen- The union between the dermis and epidermis is a border that provides a large surface area, which allows the exchange of oxygen and nutrients between both sections. As you age, there is a decrease in the flow of oxygen and nutrients provided to the epidermis. So exercising and respiratory exercises to increase the oxygen in your body, helps cells maintain their oxygen levels, required to renew themselves and other functions in your body.


100% Natural Ingredients at home that repair skin

All of these ingredients are safe to use, are completely natural, and easy to incorporate into a skincare routine. Quality and no added parabens or mineral oils is important. This is why it is best to look for natural ingredients in skincare brands with great labs.

Agave honey

Contains anti-inflammatory properties it is antibacterial, antimicrobial, it has immune system-boosting properties, it is used to treat wounds, helps with the absorption of nutrients, has calcium and magnesium. Vitamins A, B, B2, and C.

Avocado Oil

Recommended for itchiness, damaged skin, dry skin, helps the dermis to regenerate, helps skin repair itself after sunburn, helps to scar better, and regenerate tissue. UV protection, promotes and increases collagen production, softens skin, provides elasticity. It helps purify the skin. Contains vitamin A, E, and D. It also contains fatty acids, proteins, beta-carotene, potassium, lecithin, and chlorophyll.

Oatmeal

A natural moisturizer, removes dead skin cells, wound and redness healer, relieves itchiness, skin lightening properties, removes dirt and oil from the pores, reduces pores, natural toner, and cleanser, soothes and softens skin. Maintains skin natural barrier, providing protection. It contains zinc, magnesium, Vitamin K, B1, B3, B6, B7, B9, calcium, and Vitamin E.


Honey

It contains antibacterial, antifungal, a powerful antioxidant, soothes burns, disinfects wounds, destroys bacteria that causes acne, moisturizes skin, helps fade old scars, natural skin lightener, softens skin, fades dark circles and has anti-inflammatory properties. It contains phosphorus and potassium. Heals burns.

Coconut Oil

It is rich in Lauric Acid, which kills bacteria and viruses it also has vitamin E, K, and Iron. It restores tissue, supports the natural chemical balance of the skin.

Chamomile

It helps scar, safe to use for sensitive skin, aids in dermatitis, natural skin lightener, aids in skin allergies, help renovate tissue, bactericide, helps fade scars, anti eye puffiness, and contains anti-inflammatory properties.

Tea tree Oil

Stimulates the immune system, germicide, protects against radiation, anti-infection properties, antibacterial, contains anti-viral properties, heals sunburn, rash, deep wounds, acne, pimples and is antifungal.

Bergamot Oil

For infectious skin conditions, for viral infections, acne, always use with a blended carrier oil, not for sensitive skin, highly photosensitive, regenerates aging skin.

Lavender Oil

Soothes skin contains anti-inflammatory properties, antibacterial, regenerates cells, acne, pimples, regenerates burned skin, helps prevent scars, wounds, dark spots. It has anti-microbial properties. Natural toner.

Jojoba Oil

Cleans pores it is highly recommended for acne since it dissolves the excess of sebum it has vitamin E and vitamin B. Great for skin with spots, greasy, irritated, dermatitis, moisturizer, antibacterial properties, combats 5 most common skin bacteria and kills it in 1 to 15 min., promotes elasticity, prevents aging can help fade stretchmark’s and scars. Softens skin contains vitamin E and B complex.

Olive Oil


It contains antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, it does not clog skin pores, full of antioxidants, moisturizes, nourishes, heals, and is safe to use for all skin types. It is rich in Vitamin E.

That´s why I love it! Natural ingredients. I search and buy products that use them as ingredients. (Ask me for the skincare brands I work with. Or find them on different parts of my website.)

There are many more, but I am just sharing the ones I repeatedly use and work every time.

I love brands that use natural ingredients as part of their active formula. You can find the ones I work with at the top of the menu. I like brands that use healthy ingredients. Or contact me via Facebook for product needs.

This post is just about my personal experience. As a devoted user of natural remedies, my own personal experience and research on the topic. I really hope you enjoy this post and find it helpful to better care for your skin, until next time!

Sources:

May 3rd 2015:

http://www.webmd.com/beauty/advances-skin-care-9/women-face-skin-care

http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/adult-health/in-depth/skin-care/art-20048237?pg=2



Books you might find helpful:

100 Organic Skincare Recipes: Make Your Own Fresh and Fabulous Organic Beauty Products- Jessica Ress

Healthy Skin Secrets- Helen Bairstow

Organic Body care recipes-Stephanie L. Tourles

The Essential Guide to Natural Skin Care: Choosing Botanicals, Oils & Extracts for

Simple & Healthy Beauty- Hélène Berton

Super Supplements for Skin, Body & Mind: How vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and herbs can make you look, feel and think young- Dalia Santina

The healthy skin diet-Karen Fischer

The Clear Skin Cookbook-Dale Pinnock


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